Take a look around the exterior of your home before you have a problem. What you must do is keep the water away from the foundation. Check that down spouts have not been damaged from the extra snow. You can purchase flexible down spout tubes at your local hardware store to assist in moving the water farther from your home. Shovel away any snow that has blown against the side of the house that may cause a problem.
Once you have checked the outside, check the sump system inside. Make sure your sump pump is functioning properly. If you haven't had you sump pump checked or serviced in a few years, you may consider doing that now. If you are handy and can swap out a malfunctioning sump pump yourself, then keep a back up on hand in case of an emergency. I keep an alarm at my sump hole that detects when water is too high and I can fix the problem before it causes damage.
Check that any foundation cracks are not emitting water. If they are; move away any belongings that could get damaged and book in a crack repair specialist. They may be busy this time of year, so if your have a slow leak you may have to wait until they get caught up.
If you do get an overflow at the sump pump or water from a crack; clean it up as soon as possible. Many plumbers have 24 hour emergency service to repair a sump pump. Be sure to run fans and dehumidifiers in the area to help dry out the basement before you get a mould and mildew problem. You can also use a wet vac to help clean things up.
By Brent Darlington